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Chad Military
 
 
 

General

The military in Chad consists of the Armed Forces (includes Ground Force, Air Force and Gendarmerie), Republican Guard, Rapid Intervention Force, Police and National and Nomadic Guard (GNNT). Currently the main task of the Chadian military is to combat the various rebel forces inside the country.

The army was dominated by members of Toubou, Zaghawa, Kanembou, Hadjerai, and Massa ethnic groups during the presidency of Hissène Habré. Current Chadian president Idriss Déby, revolted and fled to the Sudan, taking with him many Zaghawa and Hadjerai soldiers in 1989.

Chad's armed forces numbered about 36,000 at the end of the Habré regime, but swelled to an estimated 50,000 in the early days of Déby's rule. With French support, a reorganisation of the armed forces was initiated early in 1991 with the goal of reducing its numbers and making its ethnic composition reflective of the country as a whole. Neither of these goals was achieved, and the military is still dominated by the Zaghawa.

The current conflict, in which the Chadian military is involved, is the civil war against Sudanese-backed rebels. Chad successfully manages to repel the rebel movements, but recently, with some losses.

Overview

Military branches :
Armed Forces: Chadian National Army (Armee Nationale du Tchad, ANT), Chadian Air Force (Force Aerienne Tchadienne, FAT), Gendarmerie (2008)

Military service age and obligation :
20 years of age for conscripts, with 3-year service obligation; 18 years of age for volunteers; no minimum age restriction for volunteers with consent from a parent or guardian; women are subject to 1 year of compulsory military or civic service at age of 21 (2004)

Manpower available for military service :
males age 16-49: 2,090,244
females age 16-49: 2,441,321 (2010 est.)

Manpower fit for military service :
males age 16-49: 1,183,242
females age 16-49: 1,395,811 (2010 est.)

Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually :
male: 128,723
female: 128,244 (2010 est.)

Military expenditures :
1.7% of GDP (2009)

 

 
 

 



 


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